This square-shaped wall hanging locally known as ‘Chakla’ meaning a cloth having four angles, is embroidered using Mochi embroidery. Chaklas are also used as ceremonial cloths or table cloths.
This Chakla is hand embroidered using multicolored threads on red and green silk fabric. Floral patterns are used and the edges of the Chakla are laced with different borders.
‘Mochi’ is the local word for the shoe-making community in Gujarat. The Mochi community from Kutch and Saurashtra were traditionally cobblers and leather workers by trade, but eventually developed the art of embroidering chain stitch in fine silk using ‘Aari’ (needle) so it is known as ‘Aari’embroidery.
The craft of Aari embroidery existed in India from the 12th century and was patronized by the Mughal courts. Butti’ of Persian origin peacocks in beautiful forms, stylized flowering scrubs, and ‘Patli’ were some of the decorative designs commonly used along with animals and human figures. It is said to have developed its methods of Aari-work embroidery from the craft tradition in Sind of embroidering leather belts, shoes, and bags.